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poisonous plants to goats

Goat Care and Poisonous Plants to Goats

Goat Care


Goats are browsers that will eat just about anything including the shirt off your back. However some common plants are poisonous to goats and can kill them. Learn what types of plants to look out for so you can keep your goats away from these areas of your farm or yard.


Here is a list of common plants belonging to the caprine species that are known to cause death in goats. This list is not complete, and there may be other plants growing on your farm that need identification. If you think your goat has consumed a poisonous plant, contact your veterinarian. It is also a good idea to collect a sample of the plant you believe your goat has consumed so your veterinarian can properly identify the risk.


Alkaloid Containing Plants

Aconite

Allspice

Black Snake Root

Bloodroot

Blue Cohosh

Boxwood

Celandine

Common Poppy

Crotalaria

Crow Poison

Death Camas

Dicentra

False Hellebore

False Jessamine

Fume Wort

Hellebore

Hemp

Horse Nettle

Indian Hemp

Indian Poke

Jimson Weed

Larkspur

Lobelia

Lupines

Marijuana

Monkshood

Moonseed

Nightshade

Pink Death Camas

Poison Darnel

Poison Hemlock

Poison Rye Grass

Rattle weed

Rock Poppy

Senecio

Spider Lily

Spotted Cowbane

Spotted Water Hemlock

Stagger Grass

Stagger weed

Sweet Shrub

Thorn Apple

Varebells

Wild Parsnip

Wolfs-Bane

Yellow Jessamin



Cyanogenetic Containing Plants

The following plants are usually deadly to goats when consumed in a damaged or frozen state.

Arrow Grass

Black Locust

Blue Cohosh

Broomcarn

Buckeye

Cherry

Choke Cherry

Corn Cockle

Dogbane

Elderberry

Hemp

Horse Nettle

Indian Hemp

Ivy

Johnson Grass

Kafir

Laurel

Leucothoe

Lily of the Valley

Maleberry

Marijuana

Milkweed

Milo

Nightshade

Oleander

Rhododendron

Sevenbark

Silver

Sneezewood

Sorghum

Stagger Brush

Sudan Grass

Velvet Grass

White Snakeroot

Wild Black Cherry

Wild Hydrangea


Plants That Cause Physical Injury
Some plants, while they are not poisonous, can cause damage to the goat in other ways. For example, thorny or spiky plants can puncture or tear a goat's internal organs. Other plants that are stringy can tangle up inside a goat's intestines, causing intestinal blockages and other difficulties.

Saponin Containing Plants

  •        Bagpod
  •        Coffee Weed
  •        Purple Sesban
  •        Rattlebox
  •        Soapwort

Photosensitizing Plants
Photosensitization occurs when an animal consumes a plant that contains properties which allow the plant to interact with sunlight. If a goat eats a photosensitizing plant, the goat could become overly susceptible to sunburn or heat stroke.

Common photosensitizing plants include:

  •        Buckwheat
  •        Goat Weed
  •        Klamath Weed
  •        Lantana
  •        Rape
  •        St. John's Wort

Resin Containing Plants
Christmas trees contain resin, and many people feed leftover Christmas trees to goats when Christmas season has ended. This may not be such a good idea, as new research indicates plants containing resin could have delayed effects and be the cause of miscarriage in pregnant goats.