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dog

Fleas & Ticks

Thanks to our friends at Merck for providing this article about fleas and ticks.

Fact or Fiction: Are there flea and tick dangers you are unaware of that can affect your dog?

  •       Fleas and ticks are only active in the spring and summer months

FICTION: Fleas and ticks can survive in both cold and warm climates. Warm days in typically colder months can cause ticks to become active again even when there is snow on the ground!

  •       Ticks can only be found in heavily wooded areas

FICTION:  Ticks can be as close as your backyard! It is recommended to create a 3-foot wide barrier of gravel or wood chips regularly treated with pesticides to create a barrier between wooded areas and your yard. Keeping your yard free of tall grass, brush, and other debris, as well as wild animals can also help reduce ticks in your yard.

  •       Fleas and ticks are not just a problem for your dog

FACT: Ticks can easily latch onto dogs and cats, and can spread serious illnesses, including Lyme disease. Once inside a home, they can also bite and pose health risks to human family members and some species of ticks thrive in the home environment and are tough to kill.

  •       Dogs and cats living in urban areas don't need flea and tick protection

FICTION: Pets that go outdoors in any environment, urban or rural, can bring fleas and ticks indoors. Being exposed to other animals is always a risk for flea and tick exposure.

  •       Dogs need to be protected when going to a boarding facility

FACT: If your dog stays at a boarding facility, he may be exposed to other animals in an environment where risk for contracting fleas and ticks is high. Board your dog worry-free by keeping your dog protected at all times with year-round flea and tick control.

  •       If you can’t see fleas or ticks, they’re gone

FICTION: It’s easy to forget about the fleas and ticks we can’t see. And one dose of flea and tick prevention does not cure the problem or protect your dog for the entire year. While adult fleas can “live” on the dog, their immature stages exist in the environment. In fact, adult fleas living on your pet account for just 5 percent of the total population of fleas in your environment. That means 95% of the flea population lives in the environment where you can’t see them! So, protect your dog with year-round prevention!

  

References:

Blagburn BL, Dryden MW. Biology, treatment, and control of flea and tick infestations. Vet Clin N Am Small Anim. 2009;39(6):1173-1200.

Carroll JF, Kramer M. Winter activity of Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) and the operation of deer-targeted tick control devices in Maryland. J Med Entomol. 2003;40:238–244.

Dantas-Torres, F. (2010) Biology and ecology of the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Parasit. Vectors, 3(1): 26.

Dryden MW, Payne PA. 2004. Biology and control of ticks infesting dogs and cats in North America. Vet Therapeutics. 5:139-154.

Stafford KC III.  2007.  Tick Management Handbook.  Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.  Available from the website of the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station.

 

Copyright © 2018 Intervet Inc., d/b/a Merck Animal Health, a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc. All rights reserved.