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Main Content

EPA Regulations for Pellet Stoves

Pellet stoves are the perfect home heating solution for fireplace lovers and those looking to reduce winter heating bills. Pellet stoves look similar to traditional wood-burning stoves but use compressed sawdust as fuel instead of wood. These compacted sawdust pellets incinerate so quickly that there's very little creosote or ash waste. This makes for cleaner air inside your home all winter and substantially reduces harmful emissions into the environment. Since all it takes is keeping the hopper full of pellets, these stoves are easy to use. The mechanical hopper does all the work by depositing the pellets into the burn pot. Pellet stoves come free standing or as an insert for an existing fireplace. Due to their increase in popularity, the following recent EPA regulations help homeowners choose the best stove for their home-heating situation.

Requirements for New Pellet Stoves

Most new wood stoves and pellet stoves have EPA certification for the rate at which the material being used burns. But for those stoves built and installed before the EPA regulations were finalized in February of 2015, there are two phase-in periods. Those phase-in periods and the particulate matter limits are as follows:

  • All stoves without current EPA certification must meet a 4.5 grams per hour of particulate matter operation rate within 60 days of the effective date of the final EPA ruling. This is true for both catalytic and non-catalytic pellet stoves.
  • All stoves, including those without current EPA certification, must meet a 2.0 grams per hour of particulate matter operation within five years of the effective date of the final EPA ruling. This is true for both catalytic and non-catalytic pellet stoves.

Catalytic stoves are those that use a catalytic combustion device to heat, ignite and burn off the smoke caused by wood or pellets. Catalytic stoves are the most efficient type of wood burning stove you can buy. Non-catalytic stoves are also wood-burning stoves, but they do not use catalytic combustion to ignite and burn fuel. Non-catalytic stoves are also very efficient and many if not all newer models meet current EPA standards for particulate matter limits.

Choosing the Right Stove

Consulting a professional about the location and size of the pellet stove you need is an important part of getting the right stove. A stove that is too large can waste fuel, while a stove that is too small will not give out the right amount of heat for the space. Visit Tractor Supply Co. for a full line of EPA-certified pellet stoves and pellets for all your home-heating needs.